Susan Dimock, a native of Washington, North Carolina, was the first female member of the North Carolina Medical Society. She was born in Beaufort County in 1847 and lived there through the beginning of the Civil War and the occupation by Union troops of Washington. Dimock moved to Boston after attending medical school in Europe, and became the resident physician at one of the earliest hospitals for women, the New England Hospital for Women and Children.
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Dr. Dimock was the daughter of Henry and Mary Malvina Dimock. Henry Dimock, a native of Maine, was the editor of the North State Whig. He married Mary Malvin, the daughter of the local sheriff, and they purchased the Lafayette Hotel in Washington. Susan was raised in the hotel.
From a young age Dimock was associated with Solomon Samson Satchwell, who lived across the street. Dr. Satchwell was a very strong influence on Dimock, allowing her to attend to patients and make house calls with him, eventually inspiring Dimock to pursue the medical profession.
The Dimocks were living in the Lafayette Hotel when Union soldiers invaded Washington, and some of the troops stayed at the Lafayette with fellow New Englander Dimock. Henry Dimock died early in the war though, at which time Susan and her mother moved to Sterling, Massachusetts, to live with Henry Dimock’s sister. Susan Dimock continued her education briefly in Sterling, having been taught previously by her mother and at a Washington girls school. At age seventeen she began teaching at an academy in Hopkinton. Susan Dimock also became close friends with Bessie Greene, whose father took a particular interest in Dimock’s professional aspirations.
Colonel William Greene, a wealthy Bostonian, helped Susan Dimock to study medicine with one of the earliest female doctors practicing in America, Dr. Marie Zakrzewska, who in 1862 had founded the New England Hospital for Woman and Children. Dr. Zakrzewska, herself a Polish immigrant who was educated in Germany, encouraged Dimock, following continued denials of admittance to Harvard Medical School, to travel to Europe for schooling.
Dimock attended the University of Zurich with Greene funding her education, graduating in 1871 with honors, and then studied briefly in Vienna and Paris before returning home. Dimock’s former mentor, Dr. Satchwell, meanwhile submitted her credentials to the North Carolina Medical Society. Dr. Dimock was granted honorary admission to the Medical Society, to be given full admission after of her schooling could be verified.
Dr. Dimock returned to Boston after graduation, and was installed as resident physician at New England Hospital. She was the resident physician at the hospital from 1872 until 1875, at which time she took leave to travel and study further in Europe. In May 1875, her ship wrecked off the coast of England, killing everyone on board, including Susan Dimock and her friend Bessie Greene. Colonel Greene brought their bodies back to the United States, and Dr. Dimock was buried in the Forest Hills Cemetery in Boston.
Ursula Loy and Pauline Worthy, Washington and the Pamlico (1976)C. Wingate Reed, Beaufort County: Two Centuries of Its History (1962)
William S. Powell, ed., Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, II, 70--sketch by Pauline Worthy
William S. Powell, ed., Encyclopedia of North Carolina (2006)