north carolina highway historical marker program
North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program
 

 
 
 

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     Daniel Harvey Hill served North Carolina and the Confederacy as a major general and, after the Civil War, took a leading role in shaping the memory of the conflict. He was born July 12, 1821, in York County, South Carolina, to Solomon and Nancy Hill. He was the youngest of eleven children. Hill attended West Point where he graduated at the age of twenty. He served in the Mexican War and rose to the rank of major. In 1848 he married Isabella Morrison, daughter of Davidson College president Robert Hall Morrison, making him brother-in-law to Stonewall Jackson.

     In 1849 Hill resigned from the army and became a professor of mathematics at Washington College in Virginia where he taught until 1854 when he then took a teaching job at Davidson. From there he went on to become the superintendent of the North Carolina Military Institute in Charlotte. With the outbreak of the war in 1861, Hill was one of the first to join. He served at Big Bethel before being promoted to brigadier general. In March 1862, Hill was promoted to major general and subsequently took part in the battles of Seven Pines, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chickamauga, and Bentonville.

     After the war Hill returned to Charlotte to where, beginning in 1866, he published a magazine The Land We Love, and three years later started a weekly paper The Southern Home. Hill left Charlotte in 1876 and became president of the University of Arkansas. He stayed in Arkansas until 1885 and then moved to Georgia, where in 1887 he became the president of the State Agricultural College in Milledgeville. With his health in decline, Hill moved back to Charlotte where he lived until his death on September 24, 1889. He is buried in the old cemetery at Davidson College.

     One of Hill’s children, Daniel Harvey Hill, Jr., served as president from 1908 to 1916 of what is now North Carolina State University, where the library is named in his honor.


References:
Hal Bridges, Lee’s Maverick General: Daniel Harvey Hill (1991)
J. B. Alexander, History of Mecklenburg County (1902)
Nathaniel C. Hughes Jr. and Timothy D. Johnson, eds., A Fighter from Way Back: The Mexican War Diary of Lt. Daniel Harvey Hill, 4th Artillery (2002)
William S. Powell, ed., Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, III, 132—sketch by John G. Barrett
D. H. Hill Papers, Southern Historical Collection, UNC-Chapel Hill
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